Sunday, October 21, 2012

Ascension to Heavens - One Night Journey of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)


MALACHI 3:1-15

Malachi (MALAK'KI) in both Hebrew and Arabie means my (God's) angel. The angel Gabriel (holy spirit) was the angel God sent in verse 1. Gabriel was sent to great Prophets only who carried great messages. Gabriel is the highest of all angels. In this verse God says that "He" will send Angel Gabriel to prepare the way for Prophet Muhammad to ascend into Heaven.

As we mentioned Moses made his covenant with Allah in Sinai for the sake of the children of Israel, but as mentioned in this chapter Prophet Muhammad ascended into Heavens to make covenant with Allah to show that Prophet Muhammad is the leader and the last of all the Prophets. And that this covenant is the greatest and the last of all the covenants for all nations and all times.

God also says that His messenger will suddenly visit His temple. The only temple at that time was in Jerusalem. The people of Makkah have never called the Kaabah a temple. Angel Gabriel had not been sent by God to contact anyone since Jesus was saved and raised to Heaven, until Gabriel was sent to tell Muhammad (pbuh) of God's revelation in the mount of Hera 610 A.D. This is why the word "will" is used in the verse to describe the future event.

The word "suddenly" is used to describe the coming of the Prophet to Jerusalem from far away, and Allah made this journey very quick, Sura 17:1. All the prophets that came from the children of Israel lived and worshipped in Jerusalem. The word "Lord" in the verse is translated from Hebrew and Arabie to mean Master, not God. In this verse the phrase "His temple" is used to describe the temple of Jerusalem built by David (pbuh).

In Psalm 110 verse 1, "A Psalm of David", God (The Lord Yahweh) is talking about the Master (Lord Aloheem-a description of a man who is greater than David). The word Aloheem is describing Prophet Muhammad, not Jesus (pbut), Jesus himself states that he is not the Aloheem, Jesus says that he is the son of David, then how could Jesus be the Lord of David? (Mark 12:35-37).

Verse 1; the phrase "whom ye seek", is the great messenger who is like Moses (pbuh) Deut. 18:18. There were no prophets from the children of Israel like Moses (pbuh) Deut. 34:10. This prophet that God promised is from the brethren (Ishmael) of the children of Israel, (Prophet Muhammad). The "Messenger of the Covenant" refers to the Angel Gabriel who will bring the final law and message to the last prophet.

The phrase "whom ye delight in" refers to the coming of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who is the mercy from God for the guidance of mankind in general for all ages, and the people of scriptures that were earnestly awaiting this prophet who bad been foretold in their scriptures. But the companions of the prophet including the Christians and Jews were the best qualified people for this reward who were happy to obey and sacrifice themselves for God, to spread His word through the QURAN and the teachings of the Prophet.

After the death of Prophet Muhammad's wife Khadijah, and his uncle Abu Talib who was the leader of Kaabah and a very strong supporter of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) against the people of Makkah, God showed the prophet a great miracle. In the year 621 A.D., 13 months before his immigration to Medina, the Angel Gabriel woke Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to bring him to Jerusalem for the even of Isra and Miraj (ascension into heaven), Sura 53:1-18. Angel Gabriel brought a special animal, thc Boraq, for Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to make the journey, Deut 33: 17, "His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of E'phra-im, and they are the thousands of Ma-nasseh." Boraq means lightning in both Hebrew and Arabic which is much faster than the speed of sound. In the Jerusalem Temple, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) led all the prophets who were sent before him, in prayer. AJ1er the prayer, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was raised by Angel Gabriel through the seven levels of heaven, where he saw Angel Gabriel in his true form, not in his human image.

It was also here that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), through Angel Gabriel, made his great covenant with God (Allah). He was then returned to Jerusalem, and using the Boraq, returned to Makkah. This miracle occurred all in one night. Prophet Abraham (pbuh) was allowed to use the Boraq to visit his son Ishmael (pbuh) in Makkah.

These two Prophets were the only ones that ever used that special animal. The Jews also believe that Prophet Abraham (pbuh) was allowed to use the Boraq.

Next morning after the great miracle, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) told the event to the people of Makkah. Some did not believe this story and asked him for proof. He told the people that on his way to Jerusalem, he saw a caravan returning to Makkah and drank from its water. On his way back from Jerusalem to Makkah, Prophet Muhammad guided the same caravan with his voice to find a lost camel. He also told them that this caravan will enter Makkah in 15 days. The caravan did reach Makkah in 15 days. He told them the caravan would arrive at sunrise and the leading camel (AI Auraq), which he described, would be at a place called Altaneem. When the caravan arrived, the people of Makkah asked many questions of those in the caravan. They said that 15 days earlier, someone had drank their water and a voice had guided them to find their lost camel. Because of this proof, some or the people accepted Islam.

Verse 2 relates to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in battle. He was supported by God in such a way that no one will be able to stand against him as described in Isaiah 21:16 and Isaiah 42:13. No one can be victorious (stand) against Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). The tire refers to those who oppose God's will and the soap refers to those who accept Islam. They will either be killed or become Muslims, and the good people who fight or strive for God's sake either survive the battle or die and go to heaven.

Verse 3; God describes the fate of the sons of Levi.(43 Geneology of Levi, - Stribes, Kurzah Al Nather Alnafam Amro, Hedel son of Sareh, Alisha, Saad, Levi, Kaher, Najah, Tanhoom, Aliza, Azzera, Heran, Umran, Yashor, Kaheth, Levi son of Jacob.) There were three Israeli tribes: Bani-Khuraida, Bani-Nadir and Bani- Kenekah at the time of the coming of Islam and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). As previously described in the explanation of Isaiah 21:13- 17, the sons of Levi lived in the places called Fadouk, Medina, Khyber and Tema, and were waiting for the last Prophet from Arabia. These tribes of Levi made a pact with Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in which the Levities will rule themselves, and the Prophet would not interfere with the religious, political, social, and economic systems. Their agreement also contained a mutual defense clause in which the companions of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) would defend the sons of Levi if they were attacked. The Levities would defend the sons of Levi if they were attacked. The Levities would often ask Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to mediate their disputes. He would ask them to first consult their laws as written in the Torah. If it did not settle the dispute, he would serve as the judge and make a decision to settle the dispute.

After Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) victory at the battle of Badr (624 AD), a Rabbi, Abdullah Bin Salaam of Bani Kenekah tribe of Medina, accepted Islam and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Sura 46: 1 O. Abdullah Bin Salam, who died in 665 A.D., understood that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was the great prophet that the sons of Levi had been waiting for to fulfill the prophecy stated in Isaiah 21:13-17. Abdullah Bin Salam was on top of a date tree when he saw Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) arriving to Median and cried" Allah-hu- Akbar". His aunt Khalida Bint Al Hareth said to him, "if you saw Moses the son of Umran, you wouldn't have said "Allah-hu-Akbar". He said, "By Allah, he is Moses' brother." She asked, "Is he the prophet we are waiting for'!" He said, "Yes." And she and everyone in his family became Muslims.

He was one of many Israeli that attended the reception of Prophet Muhammad upon his arrival to Medina 622 A.D., and Bin Salam said that by just looking at the prophet's face, he knew Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was not a liar. Abdullah Bin Salam narrated the first words spoken by the Prophet which were," You people say your Salam (peace), feed the people, and pray at night while the others are asleep; you will enter paradise with peace."( 44 Books of Termethie, Bin Maja, Ahmed) Soon after, another Rabbi, Mekharik from the same tribe, accepted Islam and followed Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Rabbi Mekharik gave seven Limns to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to help the poor Muslims. Both Rabbis strongly advised their people to accept Islam and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

After the battle of Badr, Bani Kenekah conspired with the non-Muslims of Makkah to kill Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Sura 26:197. The Prophet learned of the plot, 624 A.D. The Muslims of Medina fought and controlled the people of Beni-Kenekah. Some people of the tribe accepted Islam and others did not. The people of Makkah had a mutual defense agreement with this tribe, and wanted revenge for those Makkahns who died in the battle of Badr. They attacked Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his 900 companions with 3,000 Makkans at the battle of Uhud. Uhud is a mount near Medina. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was again victorious.

The Rabbi Mekharik, who was a Muslim, became a martyr in this battle. And before the battle he had convinced his tribes to be Muslims because this prophet will be victorious on Saturday, (the Sabbath day for the Jews).

On three separate occasions, members of these tribes broke the terms of the agreement with Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). They wanted to keep the agreement only when it served their purpose. The first occasion (624 A.D.) was when a Muslim woman went to a jeweler of Bani-Kenekah to purchase some jewelry; the jeweler lined her clothing to expose her private parts and made fun of her. She became angry and a Muslim man came to her defense. The Jewish men killed him, and later challenged the Muslims to a fight. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) sieged them for 15 days and nights. The Jews finally surrendered and came under the rule of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

The second incident occurred in August 626 A.D. with members of Bani-Nadir. Prophet Muhammad went to their place to solve a dispute, because a Muslim (Amero Bin Umayyah Althornery) had killed two persons from Medina (Beni-Amar) by mistake. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) went to the leaders of Beni-Nadir to ask them to serve as mediators in this matter. He requested that they try and convince Beni-Amar to accept a compensation of payment for the accidental death of these two men. Omro Bin Juhash designed a plan to kill Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Omro was on the roof and planned to drop a large stone on the head of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). planned to drop a large Salaam Bin Mushkim told Omro not to make this attempt because Allah will tell Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) because he is a great prophet.

The Angel told the Prophet that someone was trying to kill him. He quickly left the place and returned to Medina. He came back with his army and surrounded Beni-Nadir. They asked Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to let them leave Medina. They moved to Syria and Tema. The brother of Omro Bin Juhash became a Muslim and remained behind. Yamin Bin Omro and Abu Said Bin Wahab also became Muslims and remained in Medina.

The third incident that occurred was by a woman, Zaynab Bent Al Hareth, from Khyber (Beni-Nadir), and wife of Salaam Bin Mushkim, She invited Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his friend (AI Busher Bin Buraa Bin Maror) to eat at her home. She had poisoned the meat. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) ate a small piece of meat, and said that this bone had told him that it had been poisoned. When he told her that the meat was poisoned she accepted this as proof that he is a prophet and she became a Muslim. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) asked her why she tried to kill him. She answered that if he was a prophet, the poison would not harm him. If he was a king he would have died and they would be sure that he was not the prophet they were waiting for. Later, the friend of the Prophet, who had also eaten the meat died, and Zaynab was executed for killing him.( 45 Sonnan AI Daramy, part I (narrated by Muhammad Bin Orner AI Lethi) When the leaders of Beni-Nadir heard what had happened to the other tribes, they challenged Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his companions.

The people of Khyber had an agreement with the non-Muslim Arab tribe of Gotfan. If the Gotfan tribe helped to defend Khyber, the farmers of Khyber would give them half of their harvest. Soon alter the soldiers from Gotfan left their village, they heard voices coming from their village, and thought Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his companions had attacked the village. They returned to their village and did not go to Khyber. It took the Muslims fifteen days to capture and control the city of Khyber.

The leaders of Khyber made an agreement with Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) that the Khyber people could remain on their land but would pay him 36% of their harvest each year.

Safia was the daughter of the king Hoyey Bin Ahtab of Bani Nadir. Safia was first married to Salaam Bin Mushkim and later married Kanana Bin Al Rabee, Before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) captured Khyber, Safia had a dream. In her dream, she saw the moon had fallen from the sky and into her lap. She told her husband or her dream, which he interpreted to mean that she would marry Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Her husband became very angry and beat her until a green mark was left on her face, and divorced her. Sana did marry Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and later told him that she had overheard a conversation that her father had with her uncle Yaxscr. During this conversation, the two men admitted that Muhammad (pbuh) was the prophet they have been waiting for. She died in 671 A.D.

When Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) immigrated to Medina, each tribe of the children of Israel that lived in Arabia sent members to see if this prophet was the one they were waiting for. Many of them returned to their tribes and reported that Muhammad (pbuh) was the prophet mentioned in their Scriptures. Safia's father and uncle were among those who went to Medina.

The story of Safia is told in the Bible, Malachi 2:14-17. Malachi 2:8-13 also relate to the children of Levi, and the reason why Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was sent to them.

In verse 4, those children of Israel who became Muslims would again be accepted by God, as they were "in the days of old." God once again will accept (through Islam) Judah and Jerusalem, once the Muslims had taken care of this area from the other powers (Romans, Persia etc.) that ruled there. This will be accepted by God "as in former years" the time of David. (Also read Malachi 3:7, 9, and 14.)

The tribe of Bani Khuraida, the largest tribe of the Levites, lived in Fadouk and Khyber and Wadi Al Qura. Khyber was their largest and strongest city with a stone will and doors. The king of Beni-Khuraida was Khab Bin Asaad. King Hoyey Bin Ahtab of Beni-Nadir and Kanana Bin Al Rabee went to Khab to try and persuade him to join them and fight Prophet Muhammad. The reason why King Hoyey and Kanana went to Khab was because of the 627 A.D. defeat of the coalition of Jewish/Non-Muslim Arab tribes at the battle of AI Ahzab.

To defeat this coalition, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his companions went into Mount Sela, which is just outside Medina (Isaiah 42: 11), and used the mount as an advantage point and as a shield. Khab told his people that all they knew that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was the prophet they were all waiting for. Khab also said that they should follow Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). They told Khab that they would not follow Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Khab then suggested that they kill all their women and children and fight Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). He knew through the Bible that they wiil lose the battle with this prophet as in Malachi 3:14.

They refused to kill their women and children but still decided to join the coalition and fight the Prophet. Before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) even received a challenge, he prepared himself and his soldiers. The Muslims surrounded the Levites. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) told them that they knew he was the Prophet mentioned in the Torah. They did not deny this, but they would not accept Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) because they wanted that prophet to be form among them. The Levites decided to fight.

After 21 days, on a Saturday, Muslims defeated the Levites. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) gave the Levites three choices. They could have Sa'ad Bin Meath, a Muslim from Median who had a mutual defense pact with the Levites to judge them, or they could have the Torah judge them, or they could have Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) be their judge. They picked Sa'ad Bin Moath. Sa'ad decided to kill the Levite fighters. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said to Sa'ad, and in front of everyone, that Sa'ad's judgment was according to God, as mentioned in the Torah (Deuteronomy 20: 10-16). Some of these Levites converted to Islam. Mohammed Bin Khab AI Khuraadi, who became a Muslim, later became a scholar. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was again victorious on Saturday.

In Isaiah 65: 11, God is talking about the children of Levi. God says they have forgotten and cheated God as mentioned in Malachi 3:3. In verse 12, God says he will sent a sword (Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to kill them, because they did not accept to follow Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and they chose to make a relationship with idol worshippers against him (pbuh), Sura 3:72, and 78 and 110.

Verse 13 says that the Muslims will take all of the children of Levi's possessions, and leave them with nothing. God calls the Muslims his servants who have joy in their pure hearts (verse 14).

In verse 15 God says that He has cursed the children of Levi, and calls the Muslims His pious believers.

In Proverbs 12:1-21, God explains what will be the reward for those who understand and follow' God's instructions, and the punishments for those who disobey God's laws.

Verse 1; God says that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) will come to Jerusalem suddenly. And make this journey very quickly. God showed him a great miracle occurred all on one night, 621 A.D. Verse 3; God describes the fate of the sons of Levi, to purify them and subjugate them under the rule of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Malachi 3:1-14.
1 Behold, I send My messenger, and he shall clear the way before Me; and the Lord, whom ye seek, will suddenly come to His temple, and the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in, behold, he cometh, saith the LORD of hosts.
2 But who may abide the day of his coming? And who shall stand when he appeareth? For he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap;
3 And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver; and there shall be they that shall offer unto the LORD offerings in righteousness.
4 Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, as in the days of old, and as in ancient years.
5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers; and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not Me, saith the LORD of hosts.
6 For I the LORD change not; and ye, a sons of Jacob, are not consumed.
7 From the days of your fathers ye have turned aside from Mine ordinances, and have not kept them. Return unto Me, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye say: 'Wherein shall we return?'
8 Will a man rob God? Yet ye rob Me. But ye say: 'Wherein have we robbed Thee?' In tithes and heave-offerings.
9 Y e are cursed with the curse, yet ye rob Me, even this whole nation.
10 Bring ye the whole tithe into the store-house, that there may be food in My house, and try Me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall be more than sufficiency.
11 And I will rebuke the devourer for your good, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your land; neither shall your vine cast its fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.
12 And all nations shall call you happy; for ye shall be a delightsome land, saith the LORD of hosts.
13 Your words have been all too strong against Me, saith the LORD. Yet ye say: 'Wherein have we spoken against thee?'
14 Ye have said: 'It is vain to serve God; and what profit is it that we have kept His charge, and that we have walked mournfully because of the LORD of hosts?
15 And now we call the proud happy; yea, they that work wickedness are built up; yea, they try God, and are delivered.' 

Psalm 110:1, God (The Lord Yahweh) is talking about the master (lord Aloheem) who is Prophet Muhammad, not Jesus (pbut).
Psalm 110 
1 A Psalm of David.
The LORD saith unto my lord: 'Sit thou at My right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.'

Jesus himself states that he is not the Aloheem. Jesus says that he is the son of David, how could then, Jesus be the Lord of David'?
Mark 12:35-37
35 And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David?
36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
37 David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly,

The story of Safia is told in Malachi 2:14-17 and 8-13, relate to the children of Levi, and the reason why Prophet Muhammad was sent to them.
Malachi 2: 8-17
8 But ye are turned aside out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble in the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.
9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the people, according as ye have not kept My ways, but have had respect of persons in the law. 
10 Have we not all one father? Hath not one God created us? Why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother, profaning the covenant of our fathers? 
11 Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath profaned the holiness of the LORD which He loveth, and hath married the daughter of a strange god. 
12 May the LORD cut off to the man that doeth this, him that calleth and him that answereth out of the tents of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering unto the LORD of hosts. 
13 And this further ye do: ye cover the altar of the LORD with tears, with weeping, and with sighing, insomuch that He regardeth not the offering any more, neither receiveth it with good will at your hand.
14 Yet ye say: 'Wherefore?' Because the LORD hath been witness between thee and the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously, though she is thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant.
15 And not one hath done so who had exuberance of spirit! For what seeketh the one? a seed given of God. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife ofhis youth.
16 For I hate putting away, saith the LORD, the God ofIsrael, and him that covereth his garment with violence, saith the LORD of hosts; therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not treacherously.
17 Ye have wearied the LORD with your words. Yet ye say: 'Wherein have we wearied Him?' In that ye say: 'Everyone that deeth evil is good in the sight of the LORD, and He delightcth in them; or where is the God of justice?'

Prophet Muhammad gave the Levites three choices after the Muslims defeated them, they chose Sa'ad Bin Moath to be the judge, and his judgment was according to God (Torah).
Dent 20:10-16
10 When thou drawcst nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it.
11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall he, that all the people that are found therein shall become tributary unto thee, and shall serve thee. 
12 And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt hcsieuc it. 
13 And when the LORD thy God delivereth it into thy hand, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword; 
14 but the women, and the I ittle ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take for a prey unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.
15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations.

God says he will send a sword (Prophet Muhammad) to kill them, because they did not obey God (Torah), instead conspired with the idol worshippers, for which God had cursed the children of Levites.
Deut 4:25-27, Isaiah 65: 11-15
Deut 4:25-27
25 When thou shalt beget children, and children's children, and ye shall have been long in the land, and shall deal corruptly, and make a graven image, even the form of any thing, and shall do that which is evil in the sight of the LORD thy God, to provoke Him;
26 I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over the Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed.
27 And the LORD shall scatter you among the peoples, and ye shall be left: few in number among the nations, whither the LORD shall lead you away.

Isaiah 65:11-15
11 But ye that forsake the LORD, that forget My holy mountain, that prepare a table for Fortune, and that offer mingled wine in full measure unto Destiny,
12 I will destine you to the sword, and ye shall all bow down to the slaughter; because when I called, ye did not answer, when I spoke, ye did not hear; but ye did that which was evil in Mine eyes, and chose that wherein I delighted not.
13 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOO: Behold, My servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry; B~hold, My servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty; Bel101d, My servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed;
14 Behold, My servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall wai1 for vexation of spirit.
15 And ye shall leave your name for a curse unto Mine elect: 'So may the Lord GOD slay thee'; but He shall call His servants by anotlher name;

God explains what will be the reward for those who understand and foUow God's instruction, and the punishments for those who disobey his laws.
Proverbs 12:1-18. 
1 Whoso loveth knowledge loveth correction; but he that is brutish hateth reproof
2 A good man shall obtain tllVour of the LORD; but a man of wicked devices will Be condemn.
3 A man shall not be established by wickedness; but the root of the righteous shall never be moved. 
4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband; but she that doeth shamefully is as rottenness in his bones. 
5 The thoughts of the righteous are right; but the counsels of the wicked are deceit.
6 The words of the wicked are to lie in wait for blood; but the mouth of the upright shall deliver them. 
7 The wicked are overthrown, and are not; but the house of the righteous shall stand .
8 A man shall be commended according to his intelligence; but he that is of a distorted understanding shall be despised.
9 Better is he that is lightly esteemed, and hath a servant, than he that playeth the man of rank, and lacketh bread.
10 A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast; but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.
11 He that tilleth his ground shall have plenty of bread; but he that followeth after vain things is void of understanding.
12 The wicked desireth the prey of evil men; but the root of the righteous yieldeth fruit.
13 In the transgression of the lips is a snare to the evil man; but the righteous cometh out of trouble.
14 A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth, and the doings of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him.
15 The way of a fool is straight in his own eyes; but he that is wise hearkeneth unto counsel.
16 A fool's vexation is presently known; but a prudent man concealeth shame.
17 He that breatheth forth truth uttereth righteollsness; but a false witness deceit.
18 There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword; but the tongue of the wise is health.

The word "Suddenly" in Malachi used to describe the coming of the Prophet Muhammad to Jerusalem quickly from Makkah in same night and return back Sura 17:1
Sura 17
1. Glory to «Allah)) Who did take His servant for a Journey hy night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and sceth (all things).

The event of Isra and Miraj Prophet Muhammad (ascend to heavens)
Sura 53: 1-18
Sura 53
1. By the Star when it goes down,- 2. Your Companion is neither astray nor being misled. 3. Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire. 4. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him: 5. He was taught by one Mighty in Power, 6. Endued with Wisdom: for he appeared (in stately form); 7. While he was in the highest part of the horizon: 8. Then he approached and came closer, 9. And was at a distance of but two bow- lengths or (even) nearer; 10. So did «Allah» convey the inspiration to His Servant- (conveyed) what I-Ie (meant) to convey. 1 I. The (Prophet's) (mind and) heart in no way falsified that which he saw. 12. Will ye then dispute with him concerning what he saw? 13. For indeed he saw him at a second descent, 14. Near the Lote-tree beyond which none may pass: 15. Near it is the Garden of Abode. 16. Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded (in mystery unspeakable!) 17.(His) sight never swerved, nor did it go wrong! 18. For truly did he see, of the Signs of his Lord, the Greatest!

Rabbi, Abdullah Bin Salam from Israeli tribe of Bani Kenekah accepted Islam and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
Sura 46:10
Sura 46
10. Say: "See ye? If (this teaching) be from Allah, and ye reject it, and a witness from among the Children of Israel testifies to its similarity (with earlier scripture), and has believed while ye are arrogant, (how unjust ye are!) truly, Allah guides not a people unjust."

The religious leader of Bani Kenekah conspired with the Non-Muslims of Makkah to kill Prophet Muhammad, knowing that he was the prophet they were waiting for.
Sura 26:197.
Sura 26
197. Is it not a Sign to them that the Learned of the Children of Israel knew it (as true)?

The Israelis (Levites) make relationship with Idol worshippers against Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
Sura 3:72,78 and 110
Sura 3
72. A section of the People of the Book say: "Believe in the morning what is revealed to the believers, but reject it at the end of the day; perchance they may (themselves) Turn back;
78. There is among them a section who distort the Book with their tongues: (As they read) you would think it is a part of the Book, but it is no part ofthe Book; and they say, "That is from Allah," but it is not from Allah. It is they who tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it!
110. Ye are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People ofthe Book had faith, it were best for them: among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors.

Al-Boraq wall: this is the place where Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) tied the heavenly animal which he rode from Makkah to Jerusalem and back. This wall is outside the Dome of the Rock where Muhammad (pbuh) met all other prophets and then ascended into the heavens (Miraj), 621 A.D. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) reached Jerusalem "suddenly" as stated in Malachi

Information about the Dome of the Rock:

The farthest Mosque must refer to the site of the Temple of Solomon is Jerusalem on the hill of Moriah, at or near which stands the Dome of the Rock, called also the Mosque of Ornar. This and the Mosque known as the Farthest Mosque (Masjid-ul-Aqsa) were completed by the Amir Abd-ul- Malik in A.H. 68. Farthest, because it was the place of worship farthest west which was known to the Arabs in the time of the holy Prophet Muhammad: it was a sacred place to both Jews and Christians, but the Christians then had the upper hand, as it was included in the Byzantine (Roman) Empire, which maintained a Patriarch at Jerusalem. The chief dates in connection with the Temple arc: it was finished by Solomon about H.C. 1004; destroyed by the Babylonians under Nebuchadnezzar about 586 B.C.D; rebuilt under Ezra and Nehemiah about 515 B.C.; turned into a heathen idol temple by one of Alexander's successors, Antiochus Epiphandes, 167 B.C.; restored by Herod, B.C. 17 to A.D. 29; and completely razed to the ground by the Emperor Titus in A.D. 70. These ups and downs are among the greater Signs in religious history.

(Note : Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)'s ascension to heaven is also prophesised in the Hindu Sacred scriptures as follows: as The Veda sings the Prophet's praise in the following terms: Rishi (Prophet), whose chariot touches the heaven. (Mantra 2)  "The top of the chariot bows down escaping front touching the heaven." This is a clear reference to the Holy Prophet's Ascension or Mi'raj. The Holy Qur'an refers to it, saying: "And he is in the highest part of the horizon" (53:7) when Jibreel (Angel) who accompanied Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) during ascension to heaven. see details here )

Malachi 3:1
This link is from an Israeli Jewish site
"Behold I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: suddenly he will come to his temple. He is the Adonai (i.e. the Lord) whom you desire, and the Messenger of the Covenant with whom you are pleased. Lo he is coming, says the Lord of hosts."
Then compare these mysterious oracles with the wisdom embodied in the sacred verse of the Qur'an:
"Praise be unto Him Who instantly transported His servant by night from the sacred temple (of Mecca) to the farther temple (of Jerusalem), the circuit of which We have blessed" (Qur'an, 17: 1).

That by the person coming suddenly to the temple, as foretold in the two biblical documents above mentioned, Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be on him), and not Jesus, is intended the following arguments must surely suffice to convince every impartial observer:-
1. The kinship, the relation and resemblance between the two tctrograms Himda and Ahmd, and the identity of the root hmd from which both substantives are derived, leave not a single particle of doubt that the subject in the sentence "and the Himda of all nations will come" is Ahmad; that is to say, Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be on him). There is not the remotest etymological connection between himda and any other names of "Jesus," "Christ," "Saviour," not even a single consonant in common between them.
2. Even if it be argued that the Hebrew form Hmdh (read himdahj is an abstract substantive meaning "desire, lust, covetousness, and praise," the argument would be again in favour of our thesis; for then the Hebrew form would, in etymology, be exactly equivalent in meaning and in similarity to, or rather identity with, the Arabic form Himdah. ln whatever sense you wish to take the tetrogram Hmdh, its relation to Ahmad  is decisive, and has nothing to do with Jesus and Jesuism! If St. Jerome, and before him the authors of the Septuagint, had preserved intact the Hebrew kmnHmdh, instead of putting down the Latin "cupiditas" 0: the Geek "euthymia," probably the translators appointed by King James I would have also reproduced the original form in the Authorized Version, and the Bible Society have followed Slit in their translations into Islamic languages.
3. The temple of Zorobabel was to be more glorious than that of Solomon because, as Mallakhi prophesied, the great Apostle orMessenger of the Covenant, the "Adcnai" or the Seyid of the messengers was to visit it suddenly as indeed Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be on him) did during his miraculous night journey, as stated in the Qur'an! The temple of Zorobabel was repaired Ir rebuilt by Herod the Great. And Jesus, certainly on every occasion of his frequent visits to that temple, honoured it by his holy person and presence. Indeed, the presence of every prophet in the house of God had added to the dignity and sanctity of the sanctuary. But this much must at least be admitted, that the Go'pels which record the visitations of Christ to the temple and his teachings therein fail to make mention of a single conversion among his audience. All his visits to the temple are reported as ending in bitter disputes with the unbelieving priests and Pharisees! It must also be concluded that Jesus not only did not bring "peace" to the world as he deliberately declared (Matthew xxiv, Mark xiii, Luke xxi), but he even predicted the total destruction of the temple (Matthew x:34, etc.), which was fulfilled some forty years afterwards by the Romans, when the final dispersion of the Jews was completed.
4. Ahmad , which is another form of the name Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be on him) and of the same root and signification, namely, the "most glorious," during his night journey visited the sacred spot of the ruined temple, as stated in the Holy Qur'an, and there and then, according to the sacred tradition uttered repeatedly by himself to his companions, officiated the divine service of prayer and adoration to Allah in the presence of all the Prophets; and it was then that Allah "blessed the circuit of the temple and showed His signs" to the Last Prophet. If Moses and Elias could appear in bodily presence on the mount of transfiguration, they and all the thousands of Prophets could also appear in the circuit of the temple at Jerusalem; and it was during that "sudden coming" of Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be on him) to "his temple" (Malachi iii: I) that God did actually fill it "with glory" (Haggai ii).
That Emina, the non-Muslim widow of Abdullah, should name her orphan son "Ahmad ," the first proper noun in the history of mankind, is, according to my humble belief, the greatest miracle in favour of Islam. The second Khalipha 'Umar bin 'l-Khattab rebuilt the temple, and the majestic Mosque at Jerusalem remains, and will remain to the end of the world, a perpetual monument of the truth of the covenant which Allah made with Abraham and Ishmael (Genesis xv-xvii).

The Isra and Miraj (Prophet Muhammad Night's Journey)

1- Sources from Quran
2- Sources from Hadith of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
3- From Christian Sources
4- From Bible 
5- From History and others sources

The Islamic sources are very brief in telling the Prophet's Night Journey to Heaven . Holy Prophet was first taken to Masjid Al-Aqsa where he led the Prophets then to the Heavens with Archangle Gabriel

1- Sources from Quran:The Prophet Journey to Masjid Al AqsaQuran 17:1 "Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al-Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing."

Prophet Muhammad was shown the greatest Sign of His LordQuran 53:18 "He certainly saw of the greatest signs of his Lord."Quran 17: 60 "And [remember, O Muhammad], when We told you, "Indeed, your Lord has encompassed the people." And We did not make the sight which We showed you except as a trial for the people, as was the accursed tree [mentioned] in the Qur'an. And We threaten them, but it increases them not except in great transgression."Quran 53:13-18 "And he certainly saw him in another descent, At the Lote-tree of the Utmost Boundary - Near it is the Garden of Refuge - When there covered the Lote Tree that which covered [it] The sight [of the Prophet] did not swerve, nor did it transgress [its limit]. He certainly saw of the greatest signs of his Lord."

2- From Hadith:The whole incident of Miraj is recoded in a HadithSahih al-Bukhari, volume 4,Book 54, Hadith number 429 The Prophet said, "While I was at the House in a state midway between sleep and wakefulness, (an angel recognized me) as the man lying between two men. A golden tray full of wisdom and belief was brought to me and my body was cut open from the throat to the lower part of the abdomen and then my abdomen was washed with Zam-zam water and (my heart was) filled with wisdom and belief. Al-Buraq, a white animal, smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me and I set out with Gabriel. When I reached the nearest heaven. Gabriel said to the heaven gate-keeper, 'Open the gate.' The gatekeeper asked, 'Who is it?' He said, 'Gabriel.' The gate-keeper,' Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel said, 'Muhammad.' The gate-keeper said, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel said, 'Yes.' Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What a wonderful visit his is!' Then I met Adam and greeted him and he said, 'You are welcomed O son and a Prophet.' Then we ascended to the second heaven. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel said, 'Gabriel.' It was said, 'Who is with you?' He said, 'Muhammad' It was asked, 'Has he been sent for?' He said, 'Yes.' It was said, 'He is welcomed. What a wonderful visit his is!" Then I met Jesus and Yahya (John the Baptist) who said, 'You are welcomed, O brother and a Prophet.' Then we ascended to the third heaven. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel said, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is with you? Gabriel said, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been sent for?' 'Yes,' said Gabriel. 'He is welcomed. What a wonderful visit his is!' (The Prophet added:). There I met Joseph and greeted him, and he replied, 'You are welcomed, O brother and a Prophet!' Then we ascended to the 4th heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met Idris and greeted him. He said, 'You are welcomed O brother and Prophet.' Then we ascended to the 5th heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in previous heavens. there I met and greeted Aaron who said, 'You are welcomed O brother and a Prophet". Then we ascended to the 6th heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met and greeted Moses who said, 'You are welcomed O brother and a Prophet.' When I proceeded on, he started weeping and on being asked why he was weeping, he said, 'O Lord! Followers of this youth who was sent after me will enter Paradise in greater number than my followers.' Then we ascended to the seventh heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met and greeted Abraham who said, 'You are welcomed o son and a Prophet.' Then I was shown Al-Bait-al-Ma'mur (i.e. Allah's House). I asked Gabriel about it and he said, This is Al Bait-ul-Ma'mur where 70,000 angels perform prayers daily and when they leave they never return to it (but always a fresh batch comes into it daily).' Then I was shown Sidrat al-Muntaha (i.e. a tree in the seventh heaven) and I saw its Nabk fruits which resembled the clay jugs of Hajr (i.e. a town in Arabia), and its leaves were like the ears of elephants, and four rivers originated at its root, two of them were apparent and two were hidden. I asked Gabriel about those rivers and he said, 'The two hidden rivers are in Paradise, and the apparent ones are the Nile and the Euphrates.' Then fifty prayers were enjoined on me. I descended till I met Moses who asked me, 'What have you done?' I said, 'Fifty prayers have been enjoined on me.' He said, 'I know the people better than you, because I had the hardest experience to bring Bani Israel to obedience. Your followers cannot put up with such obligation. So, return to your Lord and request Him (to reduce the number of prayers.' I returned and requested Allah (for reduction) and He made it forty. I returned and (met Moses) and had a similar discussion, and then returned again to Allah for reduction and He made it thirty, then twenty, then ten, and then I came to Moses who repeated the same advice. Ultimately Allah reduced it to five. When I came to Moses again, he said, 'What have you done?' I said, 'Allah has made it five only.' He repeated the same advice but I said that I surrendered (to Allah's Final Order)'" Allah's Apostle was addressed by Allah, "I have decreed My Obligation and have reduced the burden on My slaves, and I shall reward a single good deed as if it were ten good deeds." 

3- From Christian sources
 In his book Dala’il An-Nubuwwah, Al-Hafiz Abu Nuaym al-Isbahani recorded via Muhammad bin ‘Umar Al-Waqidi who said: Malik bin Abi Ar-Rajjal told me from ‘Amr bin Abdullah that Muhammad bin Ka’b Al-Qurazi said: “The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) sent Dihyah bin Khalifah to Caesar.” He mentioned how he came to him, and described an incident that showed how wise Caesar was. He sent for the Arab merchants who were in Syria and Abu Sufyan Sakhr bin Harb and his companions were brought to him. He asked them the well-known questions that were recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim, as we shall discuss below, and Abu Sufyan tried hard to give the impression that this was an insignificant issue. [The narrator] said that Abu Sufyan [later] said: “By Allaah, nothing stopped me from saying something to Heraclius to make him despise [Muhammad] but the fact that I did not want to tell a lie that would later be found out, and he would never believe me again after that. Then I told him about the night on which he was taken to the Night Journey. I said: ‘O King, shall I not tell you of something from which you will know that he is lying? He said, “What is it?” I said: ‘He claims that he went out of our land, the land of Al-Haram, in one night, and came to your sanctuary in Jerusalem, then came back to us the same night, before morning came.’The Patriarch of Jerusalem was there, standing next to Caesar. The Patriarch of Jerusalem said: ‘I know that night.’ Caesar looked at him and said, ‘How do you know about this?’ He said, ‘I never used to sleep at night until I closed all the doors of the sanctuary. On that night I closed all the doors except for one, which I could not manage to close. I asked my workers and others who were with me to help me deal with it, but we couldn’t move it. It was like trying to move a mountain. So I called the carpenters, and they looked at it and said: The lintel and some part of the structure have fallen onto it. We cannot move it until morning, when we will be able to see what the problem is. So I went back and left those two doors open. The next morning I went back, and saw that the stone at the corner of the sanctuary had a hole in it, and said to my companions: This door has not been closed last night except for a Prophet, who prayed last night in our sanctuary.”
Emperor Heraclius was Byzantine Emperor from 610 to 641

4- From Bible
  Proof from the Bible Christian missionary love to misrepresent the truth that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) didn’t perform any miracles, which of course is not true. He performed many miracles. Their own Bible testifies or contains the prophecies about the miracles performed by Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Readers must remember that no Biblical prophet including Jesus has performed more miracles than Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and no Biblical prophet has performed miracle of splitting the moon into two halves, it is the miracle of Muhammad (SAW) that Bible has prophesied and Glorious Qur’aan has vouched for that. Let us examine the reference from the Bible containing three prophecies about Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and his miracles.

Isaiah 24:23 " Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously."

Malachi 3:1 "Behold I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: suddenly he will come to his temple. He is the Adonai (i.e. the Lord) whom you desire, and the Messenger of the Covenant with whom you are pleased. Lo he is coming, says the Lord of hosts."

The above verse has three prophecies mentioned in it. First, it is referring to the miracle of moon splitting that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) performed and has mentioned earlier (see Glorious Qur’aan 54:1-3), the second thing that this verse is describing is the conquest of Khaiyber by Muslims. Khaiyber was a very the strong hold of Jews. The third thing in the same verse is about (Isra) Mera’aj (see Glorious Qur’aan 17:1, 60; 53: 10, 12, 14-18; 94:1). In other words this verse contains Three prophecies about Prophet Muhammad. All three prophecies have come to pass! 

5- From History and others sources 

 Prophet told the people of Makkah about thr region of Jerusalem. Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 58, Number 226 Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: That he heard Allah's Apostle saying, "When the people of Quraish did not believe me (i.e. the story of my Night Journey), I stood up in Al-Hijr and Allah displayed Jerusalem in front of me, and I began describing it to them while I was looking at it." 

Prophet told the people that he saw carvans when he was taking to Jerusalem. That was true

"In the valleys of Makkah," replied the Prophet, "I met a caravan, one whose camel had taken fright and run away. I warned them of this. Then I saw another caravan that had encamped for the night. Outside the principal tent stood a jar of water with a cover on it. I drank water from the jar and replaced the cover as it was before. This same caravan is now approaching Bayda and will shortly enter Makkah. It is led by a dark grey camel, carrying a double load, one half black and the other of various colours."The people of Makkah went out of the city and found a caravan answering to the description given by the Prophet. They questioned the members of the caravan about the jar of water, and obtained satisfactory answers. They even discovered the caravan whose camel had run away, and they confirmed that in that very valley the members of the caravan heard a voice warning them of the camel's escape.Abu Jahl asked Abu Bakr, "Do you believe in the extraordinary adventure of your Prophet? He pretends to have accomplished in the night the journey from the sacred Mosque of Makkah to the Al Aqsa Mosque of Jerusalem-there and back!" Abu Bakr's answer was a cool 'yes'. "What ever Muhammad says is true and I believe it. If he maintains that he went up to the seventh heaven in one hour and came back in the same space of time, I would still have faith in his declarations".Abu Jahl's attempt to cast doubts into the minds of the believers succeeded only in strengthening their beliefs. The unbelievers of Makkah were astonished at the Prophet's detailed description of the Jerusalem mosque and his encounter with the caravans. For them truth was bitter. They retaliated by increasing their hostilities towards the Muslims. It became increasingly obvious that the Muslims no longer had any option but to migrate from Makkah.

Further Details of Dialogue between Heraclius and Abu Sufyan is as follows:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: Abu Sufyan bin Harb informed me that Heraclius had sent a messenger to him while he had been accompanying a caravan from Quraish. They were merchants doing business in Sham (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan), at the time when Allah’s Apostle had truce with Abu Sufyan and Quraish infidels. So Abu Sufyan and his companions went to Heraclius at Ilya (Jerusalem). Heraclius called them in the court and he had all the senior Roman dignitaries around him. He called for his translator who, translating Heraclius’s question said to them, “Who amongst you is closely related to that man who claims to be a Prophet?” Abu Sufyan replied, “I am the nearest relative to him (amongst the group).”

Heraclius said, “Bring him (Abu Sufyan) close to me and make his companions stand behind him.” Abu Sufyan added, Heraclius told his translator to tell my companions that he wanted to put some questions to me regarding that man (The Prophet) and that if I told a lie they (my companions) should contradict me.” Abu Sufyan added, “By Allah! Had I not been afraid of my companions labeling me a liar, I would not have spoken the truth about the Prophet. The first question he asked me about him was:

‘What is his family status amongst you?’

I replied, ‘He belongs to a good (noble) family amongst us.’

Heraclius further asked, ‘Has anybody amongst you ever claimed the same (i.e. to be a Prophet) before him?’

I replied, ‘No.’

He said, ‘Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king?’

I replied, ‘No.’

Heraclius asked, ‘Do the nobles or the poor follow him?’

I replied, ‘It is the poor who follow him.’

He said, ‘Are his followers increasing decreasing (day by day)?’

I replied, ‘They are increasing.’

He then asked, ‘Does anybody amongst those who embrace his religion become displeased and renounce the religion afterwards?’

I replied, ‘No.’

Heraclius said, ‘Have you ever accused him of telling lies before his claim (to be a Prophet)?’

I replied, ‘No. ‘

Heraclius said, ‘Does he break his promises?’

I replied, ‘No. We are at truce with him but we do not know what he will do in it.’ I could not find opportunity to say anything against him except that.

Heraclius asked, ‘Have you ever had a war with him?’

I replied, ‘Yes.’

Then he said, ‘What was the outcome of the battles?’

I replied, ‘Sometimes he was victorious and sometimes we.’

Heraclius said, ‘What does he order you to do?’

I said, ‘He tells us to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship anything along with Him, and to renounce all that our ancestors had said. He orders us to pray, to speak the truth, to be chaste and to keep good relations with our Kith and kin.’

Heraclius asked the translator to convey to me the following, I asked you about his family and your reply was that he belonged to a very noble family. In fact all the Apostles come from noble families amongst their respective peoples. I questioned you whether anybody else amongst you claimed such a thing, your reply was in the negative. If the answer had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man was following the previous man’s statement. Then I asked you whether anyone of his ancestors was a king. Your reply was in the negative, and if it had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man wanted to take back his ancestral kingdom.

I further asked whether he was ever accused of telling lies before he said what he said, and your reply was in the negative. So I wondered how a person who does not tell a lie about others could ever tell a lie about Allah. I, then asked you whether the rich people followed him or the poor. You replied that it was the poor who followed him. And in fact all the Apostle have been followed by this very class of people. Then I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were increasing, and in fact this is the way of true faith, till it is complete in all respects. I further asked you whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his religion, became displeased and discarded his religion. Your reply was in the negative, and in fact this is (the sign of) true faith, when its delight enters the hearts and mixes with them completely. I asked you whether he had ever betrayed. You replied in the negative and likewise the Apostles never betray. Then I asked you what he ordered you to do. You replied that he ordered you to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship any thing along with Him and forbade you to worship idols and ordered you to pray, to speak the truth and to be chaste. If what you have said is true, he will very soon occupy this place underneath my feet and I knew it (from the scriptures) that he was going to appear but I did not know that he would be from you, and if I could reach him definitely, I would go immediately to meet him and if I were with him, I would certainly wash his feet.’ Heraclius then asked for the letter addressed by Allah’s Apostle which was delivered by Dihya to the Governor of Busra, who forwarded it to Heraclius to read.

The contents of the letter were as follows: “In the name of Allah the Beneficent, the Merciful (This letter is) from Muhammad the slave of Allah and His Apostle to Heraclius the ruler of Byzantine. Peace be upon him, who follows the right path. Furthermore I invite you to Islam, and if you become a Muslim you will be safe, and Allah will double your reward, and if you reject this invitation of Islam you will be committing a sin by misguiding your Arisiyin (peasants). (And I recite to you Allah’s Statement:)

‘O people of the scripture! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship none but Allah and that we associate nothing in worship with Him, and that none of us shall take others as Lords beside Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are Muslims (those who have surrendered to Allah).’ (3:64).

Abu Sufyan then added, “When Heraclius had finished his speech and had read the letter, there was a great hue and cry in the Royal Court. So we were turned out of the court. I told my companions that the question of Ibn-Abi-Kabsha) (the Prophet Muhammad) has become so prominent that even the King of Bani Al-Asfar (Byzantine) is afraid of him. Then I started to become sure that he (the Prophet) would be the conqueror in the near future till I embraced Islam (i.e. Allah guided me to it).”

The sub narrator adds, “Ibn An-Natur was the Governor of llya’ (Jerusalem) and Heraclius was the head of the Christians of Sham. Ibn An-Natur narrates that once while Heraclius was visiting ilya’ (Jerusalem), he got up in the morning with a sad mood. Some of his priests asked him why he was in that mood? Heraclius was a foreteller and an astrologer. He replied, ‘At night when I looked at the stars, I saw that the leader of those who practice circumcision had appeared (become the conqueror). Who are they who practice circumcision?’ The people replied, ‘Except the Jews nobody practices circumcision, so you should not be afraid of them (Jews).

‘Just Issue orders to kill every Jew present in the country.’

While they were discussing it, a messenger sent by the king of Ghassan to convey the news of Allah’s Apostle to Heraclius was brought in. Having heard the news, he (Heraclius) ordered the people to go and see whether the messenger of Ghassan was circumcised. The people, after seeing him, told Heraclius that he was circumcised. Heraclius then asked him about the Arabs. The messenger replied, ‘Arabs also practice circumcision.’

(After hearing that) Heraclius remarked that sovereignty of the ‘Arabs had appeared. Heraclius then wrote a letter to his friend in Rome who was as good as Heraclius in knowledge. Heraclius then left for Homs. (a town in Syrian and stayed there till he received the reply of his letter from his friend who agreed with him in his opinion about the emergence of the Prophet and the fact that he was a Prophet. On that Heraclius invited all the heads of the Byzantines to assemble in his palace at Homs. When they assembled, he ordered that all the doors of his palace be closed. Then he came out and said, ‘O Byzantines! If success is your desire and if you seek right guidance and want your empire to remain then give a pledge of allegiance to this Prophet (i.e. embrace Islam).’

(On hearing the views of Heraclius) the people ran towards the gates of the palace like onagers but found the doors closed. Heraclius realized their hatred towards Islam and when he lost the hope of their embracing Islam, he ordered that they should be brought back in audience.

(When they returned) he said, ‘What already said was just to test the strength of your conviction and I have seen it.’ The people prostrated before him and became pleased with him, and this was the end of Heraclius’s story (in connection with his faith). [Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Hadeeth No. 6]


Quran, (17:1).. "Glorious is He Who made his servant travel by night from Al-Masjid-ul-Haram to Al-Masjid-ul-Aqsa of which environs We have blessed, so that We let him see some of Our signs. Surely, He is the All-Hearing, the All- Seeing."

The word Isra is referred to as "walking in night" and the root word of Miraj is Arooj which means; "going to a higher place". During this blessed night, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) journeyed to sky level to meet Allah (Glorious is He), and for this particular reason in Islamic history this journey is recognised to be as "The night of Isra and Miraj".

In research we may come across few different sayings on the period of the journey however the most accepted saying that when Miraj happened is 1 year before Migrating toward Madina, (some saying may state 2 or even 3 years before migrating). Similarly the most accepted saying on the day/month of the journey is 17th Rajab, However some sayings will state 17th Rabi ul Awal, 27th Rabi ul Awal, 29th Ramadan, 17th Rabi us Sani, Shawal and Zil Haj.

As little as one year before his (peace be upon him) exodus from Makka to Madina, on the 17th night of Rajab, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) had a unique and exclusive experience in the history of all religions. The Prophet (peace be upon him) accompanied by Angel Jabreel and Makail was taken for Night Journey-(ISRA) from Makka to Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. And then to Sidra Tul Muntaha and then Qaab Qosain and beyond.

This journey consist of 3 stages:


Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) was resting in Hateem e Qaba along with Hazrat Hamza and one other companion when angel Jabreel along with angel Makail came and woke him up, Prophet Muhammad saw around him but saw no one so he lay back, Jabreel woke him up again, He saw no one again and lay back. Third time Jabreel hold his hand wake him up and told him that Allah (Glorious is He) has invited him (peace be upon him) and wants to meet him.
After that Angel took Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to the well of ZamZam, there Jabreel (as) said Makail (as) to give him a tray and water from the well of Zamzam, so that he can wash the chest of Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him),. After these things were provided, Jabreel (as) revealed Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) chest and washed His heart three times. In this process Makail (as) provided tray's of zamzam water 7 times.
There was no bleeding and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) didnt even feel any pain. (Note: 4 times in His life, Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) heart was washed). After washing his heart, Makail (as) brought along a tray of gold which was filled with Faith and Hiqmat and Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon Him) chest was filled with it. In completion to this the stamp of Prophet Hood was placed between His shoulders.

After that a white, horse like animal was brought as his ride, which was bridled and saddled. It was smaller then a Mole and bigger then a donkey. Its name was Burraq. It showed some resistance, and Jibreel (as) said, “Will you do that with Muhammad? No one nobler than he in Allah’s sight has ridden you.” That brought it perspiration.
So Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) rode him and the journey began. Burraq was very speedy that The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "The animal's step (was so wide that it) reached the furthest point within the reach of the animal's sight. Jabreel (as) and Makail (as) were at the right and left side of Burraq. Some times during the journey, Jabreel (as) shared the ride with Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him).

Before reaching Bait ul Muqdas in Jerushalam, Jabreel (as) took Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) to a green valley and said, "Come down and say prayer here". Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) performed prayer as requested and after that Jabreel (as) said "Do you know where you said the prayer?". Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) said "No". Jabreel (as) said "you said prayer in Madina which is your place of migration".

Then Jabreel (as) took Him to some other place and requested the same thing and after prayer he told Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) that this time you said prayer in Madeen (The town where Prophet Mosa (as) lived).

Then Jabreel (as) took him on yet another place and said the same thing. And after prayer he told Him that "this time you said prayer in "Bait ul Laham" (Bait ul Laham is a town near Bait ul Muqdas where Prophet Isa (as) was born). After that they continued their journey toward al Aqsa mosque.

On their way toward al Aqsa mosque, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) passed by the grave of Prophet Mosa (as). He was saying prayer in His grave. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said that he had curly hair like the people of Shanva tribe (Shanva was a tribe of Yaman). Then they reached Al Aqsa Mosque.
On reaching al Aqsa mosque, Burraq was tide on the door of the mosque with the same tie bar that Prophets before Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to tie their rides. 

After some time Jabreel (as) said to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) that "you are not among those who's ride will stand outside the doors. Instead Your ride will stand inside" and then he brought Burraq inside the mosque.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) entered al Aqsa mosque from the door called Baab e Muhammad. Inside the mosque, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) met some Prophets, The call for prayer was said by Jabreel (as) and all the Prophets made rows (like people do for prayers) and were waiting to see that who will lead the prayer. At that moment Jabreel (as) held the hand of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and sent him forward so that he will lead the prayer. So Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) led that prayer. During the prayer, Prophet Ibraheem (as) was standing right behind Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him). On the right side of Prophet Ibraheem (as) was standing Prophet Ismaeel (as) and on left side was standing Prophet Ishaaq (as).

After prayer, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) praised Allah and then addressed all the Prophets in these words ...
"You all have praised Allah, now i will praise my Rabb! All praises and oneness belongs to Allah who made me mercy for all the worlds, the one who tells good news and to scare people from Allah's punishment. And I am given The Quran in which every thing is mentioned and My ummah (community) is made better and moderate (balanced). And its My ummah (community) which is the first one and the last one (first ummah to enter paradise in the day of judgment and last as there will be no new ummah after). And He (Allah) opened My heart and took away My burden and raised (made blissful) my remembrance. Made me victorious and the finisher."
After that Prophet Ibraheem (as) addressed like "It feels like Muhammad Rasool Allah exceeded us all in Superiority"

After prayer, Jabreel (as) along with Angle Malik (the keeper of hell) came to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and introduced Malik to Him and said "This is Malik, say Salam to him", and when Prophet Muhammad look toward him (Malik), he said Salam first". Every prophet and angle was smiling when meeting Prophet Muhammad but Malik. Prophet Muhammad asked Jabreel (as) that "Whats the reason that who ever I have met has greeted me with a smile and welcomed me but this person replied to my greets and welcomed me with prayers but didn't smile?" Jabreel(as) replied "He is Malik! the keeper of hell, from the day he is born till now, he never smiled. And if he would smile then you were the only person he would smile for".

Two cups, one containing wine and the other milk, were presented to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) at Jerusalem. He looked at it and took the cup of milk. Jabreel said, "Praise be to Allah Who guided you to Al-Fitra (the right path); if you had taken (the cup of) wine, your nation would have gone astray."

The 2nd part of journey commenced.


After al Aqsa mosque, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) along with Jabreel (as) began their journey towards the skies. Among many doors of first sky they reached on the door named "Baab ul Hifza", which is guarded by an angel named Ismaeel. (Note: This angel stepped on earth only one time when he came with angel Jabreel (as) to visit Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) before his death). (Note: The door known as "Masad ul Malaiq" of first heaven is in front of Al Aqsa Mosque).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "When I reached the 1st heaven. Jabreel said to the heaven gate-keeper, 'Open the gate.' The gatekeeper asked, 'Who is it?' He said, 'Jabreel.' The gate-keeper,' Who is accompanying you?' Jabreel said, 'Muhammad.' The gate-keeper said, 'Has he been called?' Jabreel said, 'Yes.' Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What a wonderful visit his is!' Then I met Adam and greeted him and he said, 'You are welcomed O pious son and a Prophet.' Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) addressed him as grand father. Prophet Adam's (as) appearance was the same as the day Allah created him (means too beautiful).

Then they ascended to the second heaven. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Jabreel said, 'Jabreel.' It was said, 'Who is with you?' He said, 'Muhammad' It was asked, 'Has he been sent for?' He said, 'Yes.' It was said, 'He is welcomed. What a wonderful visit his is!" Then I met Isa b. Maryam and Yahya b. Zakariya (John the Baptist), cousins from the maternal side along with few people of their nation. Their hair and cloths were alike and greeted them, and they replied, 'You are welcomed, O brother and a Prophet.'

Then they ascended to the third heaven. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Jabreel said, 'Jabreel.' It was said, 'Who is with you?' He said, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been sent for?' 'Yes,' said
Jabriel. 'He is welcomed. What a wonderful visit his is!' (The Prophet (peace be upon him) added). There I met Prophet Yousuf (as) who had been given half of (world) beauty along with few people of his nation and greeted him, and he replied, 'You are welcomed, O brother and a Prophet!'. A hadith states about the beauty of Hazrat Yousuf (as), "His face was shining like the moon of 14th night (like full moon)".

Then they ascended to the 4th heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) met Prophet Idris and greeted him. He said, 'You are welcomed O brother and Prophet.'

Then they ascended to the 5th heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in previous heavens. There Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) met and greeted Prophet Haroon who said, 'You are welcomed O brother and a Prophet". Half beard of Prophet Haroon was white and rest of the half was black. Few people of his nation were sitting around him and Haroon (as) was telling them different incidents.

Then they ascended to the 6th heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) met and greeted Prophet Mosa (as) who said, 'You are welcomed O brother and a Prophet.' Pray for my and my ummah's good. Then Prophet Mosa (as) addressed the ummah and said "people think that i am superior and close to Allah then Him (prophet Muhammad), but reality is that He is superior and closer to Allah".
There was a huge crowd with Prophet Mosa (as), Prophet Muhammad was told that "this is the nation of Hazrat Mosa (as) but look toward that side" and when He looked there He saw a very huge gathering which covered whole skies and then He was told that this is your nation and 70,000 of them are those who will enter paradise without any trial. When He proceeded on, Prophet Mosa (as) started weeping and on being asked why he was weeping, he said, 'O Lord! Followers of this youth who was sent after me will enter Paradise in greater number than my followers.'

Then they ascended to the seventh sky which is called "Areeb" and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) met and greeted Prophet Ibraheem(as) who's hair was mixed black and white, reclining against the Bait-ul-Mamoor which is made of Ateeq (red diamond). He was aged. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was also told that Prophet Ibraheem (as) is very much alike Him in appearance and manners. who said, 'You are welcomed o son and a Prophet.'
Prophet Ibraheem also said that "O Prophet of Allah! today you are about to meet God. Your nation is the last nation and also the weakest. So if you can get any eases for your nation then do get them."

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) stated that on each sky He saw 2 pillars who were so bright that every thing in the sky was glowing because of their light. And He was told that Allah placed these pillers in each sky the day He was born.

Then Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was shown Al-Bait-al-Mamoor (i.e. Allah's House on 7th sky). I asked Jabreel about it and he said, This is Al Bait-ul-Mamoor where 70,000 angels perform prayers daily and when they leave they never return to it (but always a fresh batch comes into it daily).' Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said 2 raqat prayer in Bait ul Mamoor.

Then Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) along with Jabreel (as) raised from 7th sky and reached Sidra tul Muntaha whose leaves were like elephant ears and its fruit like big earthenware vessels. And then He went closer to that tree as much as Allah allowed, it underwent such a change that none amongst the creation has the power to praise its beauty. All the angels gathered on Sidra tul Muntaha that day to see Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). In Quran this scene is defined as
(53:16): "Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded"

He also said that 4 channels are coming out of the roots of Sidra tul Muntaha. 2 going inside paradise and 2 outer ones are river Nail and Farat. He also saw a spring coming out of the roots of Sidra tul Muntaha which further divided into 2 channels, one is called Qosar and other is called the cannel of mercy. He took bath in that spring.

After that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) entered paradise and saw tents made of pearls. On the door of paradise He saw written "Reward of charity is 10 times more and reward of (giving) loan is 18 times more.
While He was walking in Paradise, He saw a river, on the two banks of which there were tents made of hollow pearls and There was a green bird in that river which was so beautiful that He had never seen some thing like that. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) asked, "What is this, O Jabreel?' He said, 'That is the Kauthar (Qosar), which Your Lord has given to you.' Behold! Its scent or its mud was sharp smelling musk!.

He was also shown hell and he saw people were punished for different sins. He saw a person who's colour was so red that it appeared blue. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) asked Jabreel, "who is he?" Jabreel (as) replied "this is the person who killed the camel of Prophet Salah (as)".

The 3rd stage of the journey commenced.


Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) informed us that when the journey beyond Sidra tul Muntaha started, Jabreel (as) (Ruh-ul-Quds i.e. The Holy Spirit) stopped at a place. He asked him why he stopped? he replied "If i will go beyond this place then my wings will burn."
According to another saying he said "Now its up to you and your Lord (Allah). This is my limit and i cant go beyond this."

The Prophet of Mercy (peace be upon Him) asked Jabreel (as) that if he needs some thing or have any wish that he wants to ask Allah?
Jabreel (as) said "O Muhammad (peace be upon Him)! please ask Allah to grant me the rite to stand on the Sirat Bridge (which is said to be sharp as sword and thin as hair) with my wings open so that your ummah (nation) will cross the bridge safely walking on my wings."

For the next part of journey Allah sent a green throne as the ride of Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him), which is called RafRaf. Prophet Muhammad sat on it and began his journey forward.
Jabreel (as) called from behind that "O Muhammad! Allah is praising you. Hear it and do obedience and don't get scared." So Prophet Muhammad praised Allah. There He also heard the voice of pen's writing. That place is called "Sareer Aqlaam".
At a place Rafraf stopped too and after that a circle of Noor was brought as the ride of our beloved prophet
Coming forward from Sidra tul Muntaha, Prophet Muhammad passed through 70,000 curtains of Noor.
At that place there was no feeling of even any angel. 

He heard a voice from the edge of uppermost horizon saying "Come closer O best creation. Come closer O Ahmad. Come closer O Ahmad". Then Allah brought me closer. So closer that in Quran it is mentioned as
(53:8,9): "Then He (the Lord of Honor) drew closer (to His Beloved Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him]) and then drew even closer. Then a distance measuring only two bow-lengths was left (between Allah Unveiled and His Esteemed Beloved), or even less than that (in extreme nearness)."

At that place Allah revealed to his beloved Prophet, what ever he wanted to reveal, in Quran it is only mentioned as
(53:10): So (on that station of nearness) He (Allah) revealed to His (Beloved) servant whatever He revealed.

And Prophet Muhammad didn't say the details of that conversation either. Only few things about that are known;
Allah Said "O Prophet! Peace be upon You and mercy and blessings of Allah"
Prophet Muhammad Replied "Peace be upon Me and on righteous people of Allah"

Allah said "Ask me any thing you want"
Prophet Muhammad said "O Allah! you made Ibraheem (as) Khalil (friend) and granted him a wast kingdom, Talked with Mosa (as), Granted Dawood (as) a huge country, made iron soft in His hands and gave mountains under his obedience, Granted Sulaiman (as) with such kingdom that humans, Jinns and devils were under his command and granted him with such a great kingdom that no one after him can have that kind of kingdom, Gave Isa (as) the knowledge of Toraat and Injeel and gave him the miracle that his touch could cure blinds and amputees, and saved him and his mother from Devil so that devil can not win over them"
Allah Said " O Prophet! I made you Khaleel too and also Mehboob(beloved one), So in Toraah "Muhammad Habeeb al Rahman" (Mohammad! the beloved of the one merciful) is mentioned. And I made you Prophet for whole mankind and granted your ummah the honor that it is number one in superiority among all the nations and the last one according to time. And their sermon is not correct unless they dont give the testmoney that you are my worshiper and my Messenger. I created you before all other prophets and sent you as the last. And granted you the Surah of 7 verses (Fatiha) and never gave such surah to any prophet. I also made you victorious and finisher.

And Allah asked me that what is the wish of Jabreel?
I replied "O Allah! you know better"
Allah Said " I granted him his wish but its only for those people who loved you and became your friends"

After that Allah made obligatory for me fifty prayers every day and night. And then Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) came back with 50 prayers and revolution to Sidra tul muntaha, were Jabreel was waiting for him. Jabreel hold my hand and we came down very quickly. When we reached near Prophet Mosa, He asked me "What your Lord had made compulsory for you?" I told him about 50 prayers.
He said "Your followers cannot put up with such obligation. Because I had the hardest experience to bring Bani Israel to obedience. They were given only 2 prayers and they couldn't stay regular on them"

On another place it is said like "Go back to your Lord and ask to reduce and ease in it because Your followers cannot put up with such obligation.. And i have spend time with Bani Israeel"
Prophet Muhammad says that "after hearing this he went back to his Lord and there he prostrated in front of Allah and requested that "Lord of every thing! for my sake make things lighter for my Ummah.""
Allah reduced 5 prayers. I came back to Mosa(as) he told him that Allah reduced it to 5 prayers. He sent me back saying "Your followers cannot put up with even such obligation. Go back to your lord and ask to reduce them even more".
He then kept going back and forth between His Lord Blessed and Exalted and Mosa (as), until Allah said: There are five prayers every day and night. O Muhammad, each being credited as ten, so that makes fifty prayers. He who intends to do a good deed and does not do it will have a good deed recorded for him; and if he does it, it will be recorded for him as ten; whereas he who intends to do an evil deed and does not do, it will not be recorded for him; and if he does it, only one evil deed will be recorded.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) then came down and when He came to Mosa (as) and informed him, he said: Go back to thy Lord and ask Him to make things lighter. Upon this the Messenger of Allah remarked: I returned to my Lord until I felt ashamed before Him.
[Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Number 309]


On the same night, only several hours after he had commenced his journey, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) returned to Mekka.

This miraculous journey was about to become a weapon against Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his followers by his enemies, and equally it would be an extreme test of faith for the believers. Upon his homecoming, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) made his way to Umm Ayman and told her of his miraculous journey. She responded, “O Messenger of God, do not tell anyone about this.” Umm Ayman had perfect faith in Prophet Muhammad and believed his account of the journey, but she was afraid of how others would respond.
Prophet Muhammad described Umm Ayman as “my mother after my own mother”. She was the faithful servant of his mother Aminah and remained with Prophet Muhammad through the deaths of his mother and grandfather. Prophet Muhammad and Umm Ayman had always been very close, and at the completion of this wondrous journey, he went to Umm Ayman’s home, perhaps for comfort and ease while he contemplated this miracle, and decided his next move.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) responded by saying that he would tell the people about the wondrous night. He considered it his responsibility before God to convey the message, no matter the response or consequences; God was responsible for the outcome. He left the house quietly with sombre contemplation, and made his way to the Holy Mosque. He met people along the way, and slowly the news of the night journey spread amongst the people.

While Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) was sitting silently in the Mosque, Abu Jahl approached him and asked casually, “O Muhammad is there anything new?” Known as one of the greatest enemies of Islam Abu Jahl was responsible for the torture, punishment, murder and harassment of the new Muslims throughout the early days of Islam. Even though he was aware of the animosity and hatred Abu Jahl felt towards him, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) answered truthfully and said, “This past night I have travelled to Jerusalem and back.”
Abu Jahl, being unable to contain his amusement, responded by requesting Muhammad to repeat these words in front of the people of Makka. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) responded in the affirmative, and Abu Jahl left the Mosque running, calling out to the people as he ran through the streets. When sufficient people had gathered in the Mosque, at Abu Jahl’s request Prophet Muhammad said, for all to hear, “I have been to Jerusalem and back.”
The crowd of people started to laugh, whistle, and clap. They treated it as a big joke and fell against one another laughing. This was the response expected by Abu Jahl and he was thrilled. The disbelievers in the crowd saw a chance to put an end to Islam. They ridiculed and belittled Prophet Muhammad’s claim. Among the crowd were people who had travelled to Jerusalem and they asked Prophet Muhammad to describe what he had seen.

The Prophet of Allah began to describe his journey but he became irritated. He spent only a brief amount of time in Jerusalem, and the miraculous nature of this travels had meant that he did not
remember small details and descriptions. However, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) tells us that Allah showed him the details “right in front of his eyes” and he described what he had seen “stone by stone, brick by brick”. The travelers confirmed his descriptions. (Saheeh Bukhari)
There is another narration[1] that says that whilst traveling back to Mecca, Prophet Muhammad passed over a caravan. He was able to describe clearly. The caravan had lost a camel, and Prophet
Muhammad called from the sky telling them the whereabouts of the camel. He also drank from their water supply.
The people of Mecca immediately dispatched some one to meet the caravan before it entered the city to ask questions about the previous night. They confirmed that a strange voice called out the location of the lost camel and that part of their water supply had disappeared. Still these confirmations were not enough. The people jeered and laughed and disbelieved the words of the Prophet of Allah. This miraculous event was such a test of faith that even some of the new Muslims disbelieved and turned away from the faith of Islam.
The Sweetness of Faith To those whose faith was strong and true, the Power of Allah was obvious. Some of those who found the whole story difficult to believe went to see Abu Bakr, the best friend and loyal supporter of Prophet Mohammad. They asked him if he believed Prophet Muhammad traveled overnight to Jerusalem, and back to Mecca. Without hesitation Abu Bakr replied, “If the messenger of Allah said so, then it is true”. It was because of this occasion that Abu Bakr earned the title As-Siddeeq (the foremost believer). This was a turning point for many Muslims; after already facing the physical torture and abuse of the disbelievers, they now had to grapple with a concept beyond their wildest imaginings. Some failed, but many soared to new heights and were able to taste the sweetness of true submission to the Oneness of Allah.

The journey by night, from the Holy Mosque in Mecca to the furthest Mosque in Jerusalem, and the ascension through the heavens and into the presence of Almighty Allah was a miracle granted by Allah to His final slave and Prophet, Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, and one of the greatest of honors bestowed upon any human.


  1. Prophecy Servant of God
    ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
    word Atmak not necessarily means ‘whom I uphold’ but is infact a name

    the writing of Atmak is אתמך
    the writing of Ahmad is אחמד

    Isaiah 42:1
    God says
    “Behold, 'My Servant' (pronounced as Abd-ee), ‘whom I uphold’ (pronounced as Atmak);

    God mentioning about the coming of His servant
    Behold My Servant Ahmad (Isaiah 42:1) - so who is this Ahmad as in God'servant?

    He is none other than
    Abd-Allah Ahmad (Servant of God, Ahmad) - Prophet Muhammad s.a.w

  2. Wow, this is a really interesting form of neuropathy. That seems like a really interesting field.